Genres in Uttarakhand lok geet: Uttarakhand, also known as Devbhoomi (the land of gods), is a state in northern India that is renowned for its rich cultural heritage and traditional folk music. Among the various forms of folk music in Uttarakhand, Lok Geet holds a special place. Lok Geet, which translates to folk songs in English, is a genre of music that reflects the vibrant culture, history, and traditions of the people of Uttarakhand.

The Significance of Lok Geet

Lok Geet plays a crucial role in the lives of the people of Uttarakhand. It serves as a means of expression, storytelling, and preserving the cultural roots of the region. These folk songs are often passed down from generation to generation, keeping alive the traditions, customs, and values of the community. Lok Geet serves as a medium to celebrate festivals, rituals, and important life events such as weddings, births, and harvest seasons.

The significance of Lok Geet goes beyond mere entertainment. It is a form of oral history that carries the emotions, experiences, and wisdom of the people. Through these songs, the community conveys its joys, sorrows, hopes, and dreams. Lok Geet is a powerful tool for cultural preservation, ensuring that the heritage of Uttarakhand is not forgotten.

Popular Genres of Uttarakhand Lok Geet

  1. Chhopati:
  • Chhopati is a popular genre of Lok Geet that originated in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand.
  • It consists of rhythmic and fast-paced songs that are typically sung during weddings and other joyous occasions.
  • Chhopati songs often depict the beauty of nature, love, and the celebration of life.
    • The lyrics of Chhopati songs often portray the picturesque landscapes of Uttarakhand, describing the majestic mountains, lush green valleys, and flowing rivers. These songs celebrate the harmony between humans and nature, emphasizing the deep connection that the people of Uttarakhand have with their natural surroundings.
    • Chhopati songs also express the emotions of love and longing. They narrate tales of romance, courtship, and the unbreakable bond between lovers. These songs evoke a sense of joy and excitement, creating a festive atmosphere during weddings and other celebrations.
    • Furthermore, Chhopati songs serve as a medium for social commentary. They touch upon social issues, cultural norms, and values, shedding light on the traditions and customs of the region. These songs not only entertain but also educate and inspire the listeners.
  1. Jhora:
  • Jhora is a genre of Lok Geet that finds its roots in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand.
  • It is characterized by its lively beats and energetic tunes.
  • Jhora songs are performed during festivals and social gatherings, and they often narrate stories of bravery, valor, and love.
    • Jhora songs bring a sense of enthusiasm and liveliness to any occasion. The energetic beats and fast-paced rhythms of Jhora music compel people to dance and celebrate. These songs create a festive atmosphere, bringing communities together and fostering a sense of unity and togetherness.
    • The lyrics of Jhora songs often revolve around heroic tales of valor and bravery. They narrate stories of legendary warriors, mythical characters, and historical events, inspiring listeners with tales of courage and determination. Jhora songs not only entertain but also instill a sense of pride and admiration for the rich history and heritage of Uttarakhand.
    • Additionally, Jhora songs express the emotions of love and longing. They depict the beauty of relationships and celebrate the power of love. These songs touch the hearts of listeners, evoking feelings of romance and affection.
  1. Basanti:
  • Basanti is a genre of Lok Geet that is predominantly sung during the Basant Panchami festival, which marks the arrival of spring.
  • The songs in this genre celebrate the beauty of nature, the blossoming flowers, and the joyous spirit of the festival.
  • Basanti songs are often accompanied by traditional musical instruments like dhol, damau, and flute.
    • Basanti songs are a tribute to the vibrant colors and fragrant blossoms that adorn Uttarakhand during the spring season. These songs capture the essence of nature’s awakening, describing the blooming flowers, the sweet scent of the air, and the gentle breeze that carries the spirit of spring.
    • Basanti songs also reflect the festive atmosphere of the Basant Panchami festival. They celebrate the arrival of spring and the onset of new beginnings. These songs are filled with joyous lyrics and lively tunes, creating an atmosphere of merriment and happiness.
    • The traditional musical instruments that accompany Basanti songs add depth and texture to the melodies. The rhythmic beats of the dhol, the resonant sounds of the damau, and the melodious tunes of the flute create a harmonious blend of music that enhances the overall experience of listening to Basanti Lok Geet.
  1. Mangal:
  • Mangal Lok Geet is sung during auspicious occasions and rituals, such as marriages and religious ceremonies.
  • These songs are believed to bring good luck, happiness, and prosperity.
  • Mangal Geet often depict the emotions and aspirations of the bride, groom, and their families.
    • Mangal Lok Geet holds a special place in the hearts of the people of Uttarakhand during weddings and other auspicious ceremonies. These songs are considered to be blessings for the couple, invoking good fortune, happiness, and prosperity in their married life.
    • The lyrics of Mangal Geet express the emotions and aspirations of the bride, groom, and their families. They convey the hopes, dreams, and blessings of the loved ones, emphasizing the importance of love, commitment, and togetherness in a marriage.
    • Mangal Geet also serve as a means of cultural expression and community bonding. These songs bring families and communities together, creating a sense of unity and harmony. They reinforce the cultural values and traditions of Uttarakhand, ensuring that they are passed down from one generation to another.
  1. Khuded:
  • Khuded Lok Geet is a unique genre that combines both singing and dancing.
  • It is performed during festivals like Holi and Diwali and showcases the traditional dance forms of Uttarakhand.
  • Khuded Geet often tells stories of mythology, folklore, and historical events.
    • Khuded Lok Geet is a captivating blend of music and dance that mesmerizes the audience. The performers showcase their skills in both singing and dancing, creating a visually stunning and engaging performance. This genre brings the folk dances of Uttarakhand to life, allowing the audience to experience the rich cultural heritage of the region.
    • The songs in Khuded Geet often narrate stories from mythology, folklore, and historical events. These songs transport the listeners to a world of ancient tales and legends, immersing them in the cultural history of Uttarakhand. They preserve the oral traditions and mythical narratives that have been passed down through generations.
    • Khuded Lok Geet is not only a form of entertainment but also a means of cultural education. It introduces the younger generations to the fascinating stories and traditions of their ancestors, fostering a sense of pride and appreciation for their cultural heritage.

More Genres in Uttarakhand lok geet

Baajuband Nritya Geet
Barahmasa Geet
Basanti Geet
Bair Geet
Chaanchri (Bhauni)
Chaanchri Geet
Chura Geet
Chaumasa Geet
Chaufula Geet
Chaitee Pasaara Geet
Chhapeli Geet
Chopati Geet
Jhoda Geet
Jhomailo Geet
Thulkhel Geet
Doodari Geet
Toon Bhim Geet
Tooridanda Geet
Tharo Geet
Pat Geet
Pawaada ya Bhadau Geet
Barke Bol Geet
Baraat Geet
Baarema Geet
Basudevi Geet
Bisari Geet
Buransi Geet
Bair Geet
Byaan Geet
Bhadau Geet
Bhagnaul Geet
Bhanna Geet
Bhuma Geet
Bhains Geet
Bhainsaagad Geet
Bhauni Geet
Baunsa Geet
Mela Geet
Yaayal Geet
Yujaan Geet
Rangan Geet
Rudraksha Geet
Lakhyaul Geet
Vigyan Geet
Vishesh Geet
Sambhaal Geet
Saral Geet
Sarp Geet
Sahyaa Geet
Samaayaa Geet
Simh Geet
Simhaan Geet
Sujani Geet
Himaadri Geet
Holi Geet
Hoonsiya Geet
Hurdki Bol Geet
Hundana Geet
Hush Geet
Hood Geet
Husaal Geet

Influences and Musical Instruments

The genres of Lok Geet in Uttarakhand have been influenced by various musical traditions and cultural practices. The songs incorporate elements from classical Indian music, regional folk music, and even Western influences. This fusion has resulted in a diverse and dynamic musical landscape.

The traditional musical instruments used in Uttarakhand Lok Geet play a vital role in enhancing the beauty and charm of the music. These instruments add depth, texture, and variety to the melodies, creating a captivating auditory experience. Some commonly used instruments include:

  • Damau: A double-headed cylindrical drum that produces deep and resonant beats. The sound of the damau reverberates through the air, creating a powerful rhythmic foundation for the Lok Geet.
  • Dhol: A large, barrel-shaped drum that creates a rhythmic and vibrant sound. The dhol adds energy and liveliness to the music, setting the pace and creating an infectious beat that compels people to dance.
  • Flute: A melodious wind instrument made of bamboo or metal. The soothing tones of the flute add a touch of serenity and tranquility to the Lok Geet, evoking a sense of calmness and peace.
  • Ransingha: A trumpet-like brass instrument used to create high-pitched musical notes. The ransingha adds a distinctive and piercing sound to the music, creating moments of excitement and intensity.
  • Morchang: A jaw harp made of metal that produces a twanging sound. The morchang adds a unique and playful element to the Lok Geet, creating a sense of whimsy and joy.

These musical instruments are not only tools for creating melodies but also cultural artifacts that connect the present generation with the rich musical traditions of their ancestors.

Preserving and Promoting Uttarakhand Lok Geet

In recent years, there has been a growing emphasis on preserving and promoting the cultural heritage of Uttarakhand, including its Lok Geet. Various cultural organizations, government initiatives, and music festivals have been organized to promote these folk songs and provide a platform for local artists to showcase their talent.

Efforts are being made to document and record the traditional Lok Geet, ensuring that future generations can appreciate and learn from this invaluable heritage. Schools and educational institutions in Uttarakhand are also incorporating folk music into their curriculum to expose young minds to the rich artistic traditions of the region.

By preserving and promoting Uttarakhand Lok Geet, the state ensures that its cultural tapestry continues to thrive and resonate with generations to come. These efforts not only safeguard the musical heritage of Uttarakhand but also contribute to the overall cultural identity and pride of the people.


Uttarakhand Lok Geet is a treasured musical genre that reflects the essence of the state’s cultural heritage. With its diverse genres like Chhopati, Jhora, Basanti, Mangal, and Khuded, Lok Geet serves as a powerful medium to connect with the roots, celebrate traditions, and pass down the legacy of the people of Uttarakhand. By preserving and promoting this unique form of folk music, Uttarakhand ensures that its rich cultural tapestry continues to thrive and resonate with generations to come.